About Poland

Official name: Republic of Poland, short form: Poland; in Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska, short form: Polska.

Official language: Polish.

Political system: Parliamentary Republic (multi-party democracy with a two-chamber parliament and a president).

Location: Central Europe. Poland borders Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Russia (the Kaliningrad enclave). Its northern border (440 km long) runs along the Baltic Sea coast.

Capital city: Warsaw, in Polish: Warszawa – population 1.7 million, Warsaw agglomeration – 2.5 million.

Major cities: Krakow, Łódź, Wroclaw, Poznan, Gdansk, Szczecin, Bydgoszcz, Lublin, Katowice, Bialystok.

Area: 312 685 sq. km. Poland is the ninth largest country in Europe (excluding Russia), and the sixth largest in the European Union.

Population: 38 million. Poland has the seventh largest population in Europe (excluding Russia), and the sixth largest in the European Union.

Time zone: Poland belongs to the Central European time zone (GMT + 1 hour / UTC + 1 hour), except for between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October, when it switches to Daylight Saving Time.

Climate: The Polish climate is moderately continental, with relatively cold winters (from December to March) and a hot summer, which extends from June to August. January average temperatures -5°C (23°F) to - 1°C (30°F). July and August average temperatures range from 16.5°C (62°F) to 19°C (65°F), although on some days the temperature can reach 35°C (95°F).

Highest mountain: Rysy – 2499 m, located in the Polish Tatras.

Currency: 1 zloty (PLN) = 100 groszy (current exchange rates: www.nbp.pl ).

Dialing code: + 48

Internet domain: .pl

Economy: Poland is the 21st largest economy in the world and the ninth largest in Europe. Poland’s high-income economy is considered one of the healthiest of the post-communist countries and is currently one of the fastest growing within the EU.

International Organizations: Poland is a member of the European Union (EU), the Schengen Area, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), United Nations Organization (UN), International Monetary Fund (IMF), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), World Health Organization (WHO), World Trade Organization (WTO), Organization for Cooperation and Development (OECD) and many others.

Why study in Poland:

Poland’s traditions of academic education go back to 1364, when King Casimir the Great established the Cracow Academy, known today as Jagiellonian University. The Cracow Academy, one of the oldest in the world, took after academies in Bologna and Padua, and was the second university in Central Europe after the school in Prague. Around two centuries later, in 1579, King Stefan Batory transformed the existing Jesuit College in Vilnius into the Vilnius Academy, and in 1661 John Casimir, King of Poland, converted the Jesuite College in Lviv into the Lviv Academy. Thus, by the end of the 17th century, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth had three flourishing universities, providing academic education to both national and international students. Today, the Polish higher education system is developing dynamically. Poland holds the fourth place in Europe (after the United Kingdom, Germany and France) in terms of the number of people enrolled in higher education. The total student population, at over 450 university-level schools, is almost 2 million. Each year, almost half a million young people begin their learning at higher education institutions here. Polish university-level schools offer over 200 first-rate fields of study as an integral part of the European Higher Education Area. Most higher education institutions also offer their courses in foreign languages. Poland plays an active part in the Bologna Process: owing to the introduction of a three-stage education modelled on the Bachelor/Master/Doctor template and the European Credit Transfer System, Polish students and foreigners studying in Poland stay fully mobile, and can easily continue their education elsewhere in the European Union. Within the Erasmus Programme alone, running for 25 years, almost 30 thousand foreign students have come to study in Poland, whilst almost 100 thousand students from Poland took a portion of their education in another European Union country. Foreign students coming to Poland can expect an attractive and diversified educational range meeting high European standards; they can study medicine, biotechnology and engineering, but also art and business. The diploma awarded to them upon graduation is recognized not only in Europe. For students from outside the European Union who come to study in Poland, this may well mark the beginning of the fascinating adventure of discovering Europe: being invited to study in Poland means that you are invited to the European Union, of which Poland is an active member state. We invite you to discover the European Union, which offers not only varied, interesting cultures and the opportunities associated with strong, innovative economies, but also provides excellent conditions for successful higher education in a challenging and friendly atmosphere. With top-quality, internationally recognized degrees, almost no other region in the world can set your career off on such a promising start. This guide will provide you with the information you need to begin.

Cycles of Studies:

At present, higher education institutions provide study programmes in accordance with the National Qualifications Framework for Higher Education. Curricula are designed on the basis of learning outcomes, defined by knowledge, skills and social competences. Students obtain qualifications at three levels (cycles) and two profiles (academic and practical). Higher education institutions run full-time and part-time programmes. The full-time programmes are defined as the basic mode of study. For more information on programmes offered by Polish higher education institutions, please visit the Ministry of Science and Higher Education websites: www.nauka.gov.pl and www.pol-on.nauka.gov.pl


All higher education institutions are required to end their courses with examinations. There may be several independent examinations, or tests in separate parts of a subject. Usually, oral and written examinations are held at the end of each semester during the examination session. Students sit examinations on each subject separately. The performance assessment period covers either one semester or one academic year. To success fully complete a semester (or a year), a student must receive the pass mark (at least “satisfactory”) for all assessments and examinations in the subjects covered by the curriculum, and obtain performance assessment credits for all integrated placements.

ECTS Credits:

In addition to the grading scale, Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) use the Europe a Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS), under which a certain number of credits are allocated to a given subject, independently of marks awarded. To complete a year successfully, the student has to collect at least 60 credits (30 per semester).The ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) is the standard that was adopted by all universities in the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) during the process of convergence between Europe’s higher education systems. Since 2007, all Polish higher education institutions are required to use ECTS for both credit transfer and accumulation within their degree programmes. The ECTS credits allow foreign students’ periods of study at HEIs in Poland to be recognized.

Grading System:

Each HEI identifies its grading scale in its Study Rules. The most common scale comprises the following marks:

  • 5 very good (bardzo dobry)
  • 4 good (dobry)
  • 3 satisfactory (dostateczny)
  • 2 unsatisfactory/fail (niedostateczny)
  • 1 credit/pass (zaliczenie)

Sometimes the plus symbol or decimal points are used to modify numerical grades. It must be pointed out at this time that grades awarded according to this scale are not directly transferable to ECTS credits.

First Cycle:

First-cycle studies – Bachelor’s degree programmes, at least 6 semesters, leading to the professional title of “licencjat” or at least 7 semesters, leading to the professional title of “inżynier”. These are focused on preparing students for future employment, or for continued education within Master’s degree programmes. To obtain this degree, students must earn at least 180 ECTS credits.


Second-cycle studies – Master’s degree programmes, 3 to 4 semesters following first- cycle studies, leading to the professional title of „magister” or an equivalent degree (depending on the study course profile). These are focused on theoretical knowledge, as well as the application and development of creative skills. In artistic disciplines, focus is on the growth of creativity and development of talent. Master degree holders may enter doctoral programmes (third-cycle studies). To obtain this degree, students must earn at least 90 ECTS credits.


Long-cycle studies – Master’s degree programmes, 10 to 12 semesters leading to the professional title of “magister” or an equivalent degree (depending on the study course profile). To obtain this degree, students must earn at least 300 ECTS credits (10 Semester master’s studies) or at least 360 ECTS credits (12-semesters studies). Single long-cycle studies are based on an integrated study program, which contains both basic studies and in-depth specialization.


Third-cycle studies – Doctoral degree programmes, 6 to 8 semesters, accessible to graduates of the Master’s degree program and leading to the PhD degree, are offered by the university-type schools as well as some research institutions (departments of the Polish Academy of Sciences, along with research and development institutions). The PhD degree is awarded to candidates who submit and successfully defend a doctoral dissertation before the thesis committee, and who pass the doctoral examination.

Sometimes the plus symbol or decimal points are used to modify numerical grades. It must be pointed out at this time that grades awarded according to this scale are not directly transferable to ECTS credits.

Student Visa Requirements:

  1. Visa form (Application for National visa form) Application form should be filled clearly /readably/ in capital letters or type written. All questions should be answered, with no line left blank. Marital status should be clearly filled. Forms with any kind of correction will not be accepted. Application must be personally filled by the applicant.
  2. Acceptance letter from the University.
  3. Confirmation of the fee payment at least for one year (long-term study) or one semester (in case of short term).
  4. CV
  5. Original and a Copy of Passport with all pages
  6. Certificate of educational qualifications (Class 10th Mark Sheet, Class 12th Mark Sheet ,Graduation Mark Sheet & Certificate - in case of PG Course), all must be authenticate by MEA.
  7. Documents confirming sufficient financial resources for study in Poland. Bank account in the name of the applicant, if have. (Minimum 10-12 lacks required to show). Or a letter from the host or sponsor (i.e. sponsorship letter) confirming support of the applicant during the stay in Poland including bank statements and bank certificates, income tax, Fixed Deposits.
  8. Certificate of no criminal record (Police Clearance Certificate should be legalized).
  9. Insurance policy Coverage for 30,000 euro for 1 year.
  10. Ticket booking/ Itinerary.
  11. Covering Letter.
  12. Photographs Specification on photo for visa.
  13. CA REPORT (if available).

Poland Embassy in India:

Consulate General of the Republic of Poland in Mumbai

Nirmal Building, 11A, 11th Floor,

241/242 Backbay Reclamation, Nariman Point,

400021 Mumbai

Tell: + 91 22 85 26 31/41,

Fax: + 91 22 22 85 26 38,

E-mail: mumbaj.kg.info@msz.gov.pl

Website: http://www.mumbai.mfa.gov.pl/  // http://newdelhi.mfa.gov.pl/resource/731e7282-4d6b-42f7-b670-738cb79fd1ac:JCR

Embassy of the Republic Of Poland in New Delhi

Consular Division

50-M Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi 110 021

Phone: +91 11 414 96 975, +91 11 414 96 904 (in English and Hindi, between 2 and 4 pm)

Fax: +91 11 414 96 974

E-mail: newdelhi.amb.wk@msz.gov.pl

Website: http://newdelhi.mfa.gov.pl/en/consular_information/visa_information/