Canada is the second largest country in the world. Canada is situated in northern North America (constituting 41% of the continent's area). Canada spans a vast, diverse territory between the North Pacific Ocean to the west and the North Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Arctic Ocean to the north (hence the country's motto "From sea to sea"), with the United States to the south (contiguous United States) and northwest (Alaska). Although because of its climate, there are no permanent settlements in close 90 percent of the country. The population of Canada, some 34,980,000 as of November 2012, is concentrated in the south in proximity to its border with the contiguous U.S.; with a population density of 3.5 people per square kilometer, it is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. Most people live in highly urbanized centers in the south, within 300 kilometers of the border with the United States.
You cannot talk about the geography of Canada without talking about the climate. Canada has a diverse climate. The climate varies from temperate on the west coast of British Columbia to a subarctic climate in the north. Extreme northern Canada can have snow year round with a Polar climate. Landlocked areas tend to have a warm summer continental climate zone with the exception of Southern Ontario which has a hot summer humid continental climate. Parts of Western Canada have a semi-arid climate, and parts of Vancouver Island can even be classified as cool summer Mediterranean climate.
Canadian culture is a term that explains the artistic, musical, literary, culinary, political and social elements that are representative of Canada and Canadians, not only to its own population, but people all over the world. Canadian culture has historically been influenced by European culture and traditions, especially British and French, and by its own indigenous cultures. Over time, elements of the cultures of Canadian immigrant populations have become incorporated into mainstream Canadian culture. It has subsequently been influenced by American culture because of its shared language, proximity and migration between the two countries. The country is highly diverse culture, with more than 200 ethnic origins and 200 first languages reported in the 2006 census. There are two major linguistic groups and two generally accepted languages, English and French. In the year 2006, over 57 percent of the population submitted English as their first language and almost 22 percent submitted French as their first language. The wide majority of the French speaking people in Canada live in Quebec, where at least 79 percent have French as their mother tongue.
Why study in Canada
Canada has the eleventh largest economy in the world (measured in US dollars at market exchange rates), is one of the world's wealthiest nations, and is a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Group of Eight (G8). As with other developed nations, the Canadian economy is dominated by the service industry, which employs about three quarters of Canadians. Canada is unusual among developed countries in the importance of the primary sector, with the logging and oil industries being two of Canada's most important. Canada also has a sizeable manufacturing sector, centered in Central Canada, with the automobile industry and aircraft industry especially important. With a long coast line, Canada has the 8th largest commercial fishing and seafood industry in the world.
Inclusively, Canada’s economic freedom score is 79.4, making its economy the 6th freest in the 2013 Index. Canada is also the freest economy in the North America region. The foundations of economic freedom in Canada remain strong and well supported by solid protection of property rights and an independent judiciary that enforces anti-corruption measures effectively. While many large advanced economies have been struggling with the heavy burden of government and fiscal constraints that result from years of unrestrained public spending, Canada’s public finance management has been comparatively prudent, with efforts to downsize government made on a continuing basis. Canada’s economy has been resilient, benefiting from a strong commitment to open-market policies that facilitate global trade and investment flows. Efficient regulations are applied evenly in most cases, encouraging dynamic entrepreneurial activity in the private sector. Steady reduction of the standard corporate tax rate has also contributed to global competitiveness.
Most people who have been to Canada would say; there is no other Country in the World like Canada! Canada lies to the North of the United States of America and it is one of the World’s largest Countries with 9,971,000 square kilometers of land; that is approximately 10,000 Miles. Canada constitutes of ten provinces and three territories. It is a Country renowned for its Diversified and High standard of living, Quality Education and amazing economic growth.
Canada has traditionally been a Country of Immigrants and has a policy of encouraging multicultural differences and this creates an exciting setting where different perspectives are respected and learning is highly encouraged.
Almost entire world’s ethnic groups are represented in Canada. Due to that, most ethnic foods and recreational activities associated with specific cultures are available in Canada to aid social interactions. Informal clubs and associations representing a multitude of ethnic backgrounds are also easily accessible. International Students Advisers at schools can help students get in touch with such groups.
The reliable annual survey conducted by The Economist and Mercer ranks three Canadian cities within the top five best cities in the World. (Vancouver is ranked as no. 1 best city in the world with Toronto as no. 4 and Calgary as no. 5) Cities in Canada are also consistently ranked in the top ten best cities in the world by the United Nations and other countries.
Canada is an English and French speaking country, so speaking either English or French can help you adapt to life in Canada by making it easier to get a job, communicate with other people living in Canada. You will also need to be able to speak English or French fluently to become a Canadian citizen. It is a good idea to learn both languages. Depending on where you decide to live in Canada, being bilingual can make it easier for you to communicate with people in your new community and get a job.
English is the most common language spoken everywhere in Canada excluding the province of Quebec, where French is the official language. French is also spoken in many communities in other provinces, especially New Brunswick, Ontario and Manitoba. New Brunswick is Canada’s only officially bilingual province. Canada is officially a bilingual country and there are Anglophone and Francophone communities in every province and territory of Canada.
Canada's universities maintain high standards of academic excellence and are consistently recognized in top international rankings. Moreover, Canadian tuition fees are some of the lowest in English-speaking countries. Each year hundreds of thousands of international students attend Canadian colleges and universities.
Canada makes a large investment in its education system. In fact, Canada is one of the world's top education performers and among the top three countries in spending per capita on public post-secondary education, according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Canada is home to some of the most sought-after institutions in the world. With well-prepared and well-educated teachers in different institutions and institutions, studying abroad in Canada is a dream of several students. Schools in Canada falls under four brief categories namely; schools fall into one of four categories:
3. Language Schools
Student Visa Requirements:
Document Checklist for a Study Permit
- This document checklist is one of the forms that you need to submit with your application.
- Consult the Instruction Guide (IMM 5269) to find out if you are required to provide some or all of the forms and documents listed in this checklist.
- If your documents are in a language other than English or French, check with the responsible visa office for your region to determine whether they need to be translated.
- If any of the required documents listed below are missing, the processing of your application could be delayed.
- Gather your documents in order of the checklist and check R each item.
You will be asked to enclose the following items:
1. FORMS LIST: The following CIC forms must be completed, signed, and dated. Application for Study Permit made Outside of Canada (IMM 1294).
Note: If this application form is completed on a computer, it must be validated to generate a barcode page. Print and place the barcode page (page 5 of 5) on the top of your application.
2. Family Information form. Must be completed by those 18 years of age or older or a minor travelling alone to Canada.
Note: You must complete the Family Information form (IMM5707 or IMM 5645) listed in the application package for your region.
3. Statutory Declaration of Common-law Union (IMM 5409)
Note: Refer to the responsible visa office for your region.
4. Use of a Representative (IMM 5476)
Note: Complete this form only if you are using the services of an authorized representative, or if you are appointing or cancelling a representative.
5. Authority to Release Personal Information to a Designated Individual (IMM 5475)
- Complete this form only if you authorize Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) and the Canada Border Services
- Agency (CBSA) to release information from your case file to someone other than yourself.
6. Custodianship Declaration - Custodian for Minors Studying in Canada (IMM 5646)
Note: Must be completed if the minor studying in Canada is less than 17 years old.
Fee payment in an acceptable format. Include the application processing fee and any other applicable fees, such as the biometric fee. Verify acceptable methods of payment with the visa office or Visa Application Centre (VAC) responsible for your region.
Note: Visa offices do not accept payments receipts from Canadian banks.
A Photocopy of the information page of your valid passport or travel document which includes:
⊗ The passport number
⊗ The issuance and expiry dates
⊗ Your photo, name, date and place of birth.
Note: If you require a Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) and your study permit application is approved, you will need to provide your original passport for the visa counterfoil to be issued. Refer to the responsible visa office for you region.
Two photos meeting the requirements of the Visa application photograph specifications. On the back of two photos, write your name and date of birth.
Note: If you are required to provide biometric fingerprints and photo, you are not required to include paper photos with your application.
- Letter of acceptance from where you intend to study (including, but not limited to, Designated Learning Institutions).
Note: Must be issued by the Canadian institution (e.g. school board, school district, University, etc.) on official letterhead, show the exact amount of tuition fees you are required to pay, the anticipated starting and finishing dates, and the date by which you need to register.
MIDI's (Le ministère de l'Immigration, de la diversité et de l'Inclusion) letter of approval to your application for a "Certificat d'acceptation du Québec" (CAQ).
- Proof of financial support
⊗ If the duration of your studies in Canada will be less than a year, proof of financial support for the duration of your studies in Canada.
⊗ If the duration of your studies in Canada will be more than one year, proof of financial support for the first year of your studies in Canada.
⊗ Photocopy of your Marriage License/Certificate.
Note: Refer to the responsible visa office for your region.
- Any additional documents required by the responsible visa office.
Note: Refer to the visa specific instructions for your region.
Canadian Embassy in India:
High Commission of Canada, New Delhi
7/8 Shantipath, Chanakyapuri
110 021 New Delhi,
Telephone: 91 (11) 4178-2000
Fax: 91 (11) 4178-2020
Canadian Trade Office, Hyderabad
ITC Hotel, the Kakatiya - 6-3-1187,
500 016 Begumpet,
Tel: +91 40-2340 4518/19
Fax: +91 40 2340 4523
Office Hours: Monday - Friday 08:30 - 16:45
Consulate General of Canada, Bangalore
World Trade Center, 22nd Floor
26/1, Dr. Rajkumar Road
Bangalore - 560055
Telephone: +91 80 4924 7000
Fax: +91 80 4924 7005